Georges Braque (1882 – 1963)
Pierre Lévy Collection
NAME: Paysage A L'estaque (1907)
ENGLISH NAME: Landscape A L'estaque
This album, Fauves, the seventh in a series devoted to the collection of Mr. Pierre Levy, was done by Michael Hoog. Limited edition printed in 1000 copies on Arches vellum, completed to print in 1972 by Mourlot for reproductions of the canvas of Kees van Dongen.
Fernand Mourlot, Paris 1972.
IMAGE is ACTUAL WORK
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Georges Braque (1882 – 1963) was a French painter, collagist, draftsman, printmake and sculptor. He had a major contribution to Fauvism starting in 1905. He and Picasso are also considered to have played a major role in Cubism from 1908 – 1912.
He grew up in Le Havre and studied at the École supérieure d’art et design Le Havre-Rouen from 1897 – 1899. He moved to Paris and apprenticed with a decorator but also went to Académie Humbert until 1904. After seeing an exhibition known as the “Fauves” he developed this style. He worked closely with Raoul Dufy and Othon Friesz and in 1906 he traveled with Friesz. By 1907 he exhibited his Fauve works in the Salon des Indépendants. After the exhibition, Braque became more influenced by Paul Cézanne and it was Cézanne’s exhibit in 1907 that started the Cubist movement.
Braque continued to develop his Cubist style over the next few years and started working closely with Pablo Picasso, but remained true to his exploration of Cézanne’s style and did not move in Picasso’s direction. During this time, Braque and Picasso are living in Montmartre, Paris. In 1911, Braque and Picasso painted side-by-side in Céret and the results were painting that were virtually the same. By 1912, Braque had developed papier collé technique (A type of collage in which pieces of decorative or printed paper are incorporated into a picture or—when stuck on a ground such as canvas—themselves constitute the picture). Picasso and Braque worked closely together until 1914 (World War I) where Braque joined the French army.
Braque suffered a severe head injury and needed time to recover. However, he resumed painting in 1916, working alone. He became friends with Juan Gris, a fellow Cubist, and produced many paintings, graphics, and sculptures during the remaining years. It is believed that Braque introduced Picasso to Fernando Mourlot who produced many of Picasso’s lithographs and produced this lithograph from the Pierre Lévy collection. However, Braque worked with Aldo Crommelynck to create his etchings and aquatints. He died in 1963 in Paris. His work is in most museums worldwide.